Int. Academy of Astronautics Home European Space Agency

The Impact of Space Activities upon Society project is being conducted under the auspices of the International Academy of Astronautics (IAA) in cooperation with the European Space Agency (ESA).

The leader of the Academy Study Group is Dr. Peter Swan (USA)

Members of the Study Group are: Ivan Almar (Hungary), Vincent Boles (USA), Jack Cherne (USA), George James (USA), Peter Jankowitsch (Austria), Louis Laidet (France), Roger Malina (USA), Herve Moulin (France), Doug O'Handley (USA), Carol Oliver (Australia), David Raitt (United Kingdom), David Sawaya, Eric Shaw (USA), Cathy Swan (USA), Doug Vakoch (USA), Arthur Woods (Switzerland), and Vasilis Zervos (United Kingdom).


International Academy of Astronautics

Aims: Foster the development of astronautics for peaceful purposes; recognize individuals who have distinguished themselves in a related branch of science or technology; provide a program through which members may contribute to international endeavors; and cooperate in the advancement of aerospace science.

Founded: 16 August 1960, Stockholm, Sweden, during the 11th International Astronautical Congress, by Theodore Von Karman. A Non Governmental Organization recognized by the United Nations in 1996.

Structure: The International Academy of Astronautics is based on the tradition of the great classical scientific academies of the 17th century in Rome, London and Paris, which fostered scientific enquiry and the exchange of ideas and new information in the earliest days of modern science. The Academy's beginning was led by Dr. Theodore von Karman, one of the most important figures in the evolution of rocketry, and the IAA's first president.

Members: The IAA is international in membership from approximately 65 countries. This diversity recognizes the global significance of astronautics and space exploration. Full, Corresponding and Honarary Members total 1078.

Activities: Encourage international scientific cooperation through scientific symposia and meetings. A major initiative of the Academy is the development of a series of "Cosmic Studies" and Position Papers dealing with the many aspects of international cooperative endeavors in the exploration and habitation of the solar system and beyond; the space debris; the small satellites; declaration of Principles Concerning Activities Following the Detection of Extraterrestrial Intelligence, Lunar and Martian Exploration, etc.

More information about the IAA can be found at:


European Space Agency

The European Space Agency is Europe's gateway to space. Its mission is to shape the development of Europe's space capability and ensure that investment in space continues to deliver benefits to the people of Europe.

ESA has 15 Member States and by coordinating the financial and intellectual resources of its members, it can undertake programmes and activities far beyond the scope of any single European country. Its task is to draw up the European space plan (for example in manned space flight, earth observation, communications, science, technology etc) and carry it through.

ESA's 15 Member States are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. Canada has special status and participates in some projects under a cooperation agreement

The benefits of space exploration are not confined to scientists, engineers and astronauts. Space exploration also helps to improve daily lives. For instance, Europe's space programme has helped to keep Europe at the forefront of scientific discovery on our Solar System and the Universe. This research has also led to breakthroughs in other scientific areas. Many of the scientific discoveries that are making our lives healthier and longer originated in space research - for example, recent advances in detecting cancers and new treatments for heart disease. Developments in space technology can also be adapted for other uses. One example is the flame-resistant textiles used for protective clothing which are the result of research to protect electric circuits in rockets. The space industry benefits from the award of ESA contracts and also puts the technical experience gained from taking part in ESA's programmes to other uses.

More about ESA can be found at:


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